Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Order, philosophy: order is the division of a subject area by distinctions or the highlighting of certain differences as opposed to other differences. The resulting order can be one-dimensional or multi-dimensional, i.e. linear or spatial. Examples are family trees, lexicons, lists, alphabets. It may be that only an order makes certain characteristics visible, e.g. contour lines. Ordering spaces may be more than three-dimensional, e.g. in the attribution of temperatures to color-determined objects. See also conceptual space, hierarchies, distinctness, indistinguishability, stratification, identification, individuation, specification.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 94
Design/Dennett: there is no quantitative measure of Design. It is not undisputed that a car contains more design than a bicycle, a shark more than an amoeba, etc.
I 95.
E.g. plagiarism contains no less design than the original (> forgery).
I 172
Design/Dennett: since each newly emerging crafted thing contains a huge design effort somewhere in its origination, the most economical hypothesis will always assume that the design is essentially a copy of an earlier design.
Design/Dennett: can it be measured? Can we calculate the speed with which the genetic drift accumulates deviations? There is a cap to the speed, the actual evolution is much slower.
I 316f
The "products" are not the gene strings, but the creatures themselves. DennettVsDawkins.
Complexity/design/Dennett: what is the relationship between the two? It's about the right combination of simplicity and complexity. It is about "opportunities for simplicity".
E.g. a simple Seagull outboard motor is famous for the fact that it never breaks down. Of the paddle we rightly don t think so highly.
Design/Dennett: if you know something about the design of a device, you can predict its behavior without having to worry about the basic physical properties of its parts. E.g. operate a VCR. E.g. construction of a VCR: only here one must observe the basic laws of physics.
I 85f
Design/Dennett: Needs a creator - Order: needs no creator - Darwin: reduced design to order - there is no quantitative measure of design - not undisputed whether a bicycle has more design than a shark.
I 95
Plagiarism: no less designed than the original.
I 94
Design: great investment - hence theory: most design are a copy of previous design.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Den I
D. Dennett
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997

Den II
D. Dennett
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-22