Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Opacity, philosophy: also opacity of the reference. A problem with propositions (meanings of uttered sentences related to a speaker) is that one cannot be certain that one knows what an utterance refers to. E.g. in an empty room is a blackboard with the inscription "I am hungry". See also intensions, propositions, propositional attitudes, reference, inscrutability, quotation.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
EMD II 334
Transparency/Opacity/Substitutional quantification/Kripke: Irrelevant here because the point of the traditional view of substitutional quantification is that one can quantify with substitutional quantification into opaque contexts.
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EMD II 353
Opacity/Denotation/Kripke: e.g. autonymous interpretation: every term denotes itself, so opacity is excluded since no two terms are codesignative.
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EMD II 372
Substitutional quantification/Quine/Kripke: Even allows quantification into opaque contexts - single ontology: one of expressions ((s) not of objects).


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

K I
S.A. Kripke
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981

K III
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
In
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984

EMD II
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977

Ev I
G. Evans
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-10-20