|Ontological dependency: ontological dependency exists between objects, if the one object cannot exist without the other existing, e.g. a house roof cannot exist without a house, but a tank without filling. In the course of time it can be argued that later stages of development depend ontologically on earlier stages. See also qua objects, dependency, mereology._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Chisholm II 172
Ontological Dependence / Simons: if a part can not exist without the other (weak foundation): everything is necessarily strongly founded in itself and eachnecessarily existing entity - each necessary nonexistent is str. f. in everything - instead: foundation: in addition: a not equal b and b is not necessarily exisiting - II 173 strong foundation: if a is a moment of b: a and b may not be identical, b not necessary , e.g. border - Moment: e.g. events are moments of the objects they involve: e.g. handshake of persons (not without them, but not vice versa) - II 174 complexes are not moments of their atoms (which are their necessary parts) - complexes themselves are moments of nothing (because of their strong independence)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Parts Oxford New York 1987
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004