|Ontological dependency: ontological dependency exists between objects, if the one object cannot exist without the other existing, e.g. a house roof cannot exist without a house, but a tank without filling. In the course of time it can be argued that later stages of development depend ontologically on earlier stages. See also qua objects, dependency, mereology._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Holism/Esfeld: generic ontological dependence: not existence, but: with respect to having some determined characteristics, a thing depends ont.gen. on that there are other things - the parts have their characteristic properties only as a whole (ontologically or metaphysically (Esfeld per)) - generic: further specification available: E.g. nothing has just a mass (without quantity), all physical quantities are generic - opposite: determined.
ontological dependence necessary instead of mere functional dependence - isolation does not destroy H - but properties that work in isolation as well, are not holistic properties - no functional definition is sufficient - instead: ontological dependence._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Holismus Frankfurt/M 2002