Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Ontology: is the set of material or immaterial objects, of which a theory assumes that it can make statements about them. According to classical logic, an existence assumption must be assumed. In other fields of knowledge, the question of whether relations really exist or are merely mental constructs, is not always regarded as decisive as long as one can work with them. Immaterial objects are e.g. linguistic structures in linguistics. See also existence, mathematical entities, theoretical entities, theoretical terms, reality, metaphysics, semantic web.
 
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I 344
Physics / formulas / ontology / Logic / Simons: physical formulas hide a lot of logic: e.g. quantification over bodies and times, they also require a measurement system that does not appear in the formula - ceteris paribus: is applied when we have partial functions - e.g. if distance and direction are not mentioned, we have only the two masses.

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27