Philosophy Dictionary of Arguments


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Objectivity: is a property of determinations about facts. It is assumed that the properties attributed to the facts are determined by the facts and are not, or as little as, influenced by the attributing person. In order to determine whether this requirement is fulfilled, consideration must be given to the methods of access to information. This goes beyond the facts considered.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 22
Objectivity/knowledge/Maturana: knowledge, first personally, privately - that allegedly transferable is only created by the listener (observer).
I 156
Definition objectivity in parentheses/Maturana: should mean: everything that happens is, brought forth by the observer in his life praxis as the primary basis of experience and any explanation for this is secondary.
I 157
There are then as many areas of existence as there are kinds of distinction - leads to the multiverse - all verses are equally legitimate, although they are not all as pleasant - objectivity without parentheses/MaturanaVs: demands unit and ultimately leads to reductionism - because it must define reality as a single, last valid area (independent existence).
I 196
E.g. explanation by action, not by independent reality.
I 223
Objectivity without parentheses/Maturana: does not distinguish between illusion and perception, because it asuumes an independent reality - that contradicts the structural determinism of living systems - cannot explain scientific explanations because observers ability is presupposed.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Maturana I
Umberto Maturana
Biologie der Realität Frankfurt 2000

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2020-02-23
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