|Nominalism: nominalism is the view that universals (for example, triangles, blackness) are merely artificial constructions from individual cases. The linguistic expressions are merely names for these constructs. See also universalism, conceptualism, general terms, categories, generalization, generality._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Nominalism/Hacking: does not affect the existence, but the classification. It is not only due to our way of thinking that we distinguish between grass and straw. The boundaries are not given by nature, the categories are given by the mind, not by nature. Rorty: we cannot divide nature at the joints.- That does not mean to deny the existence of material objects.
> Idealism: concerns the existence.
Nominalism, Traditional/Hacking: believes that categories are a product of the human mind, but not changeable. KuhnVs: they are even very changeable.
Idealism: concerns the objects._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einführung in die Philosophie der Naturwissenschaften Stuttgart 1996