Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Laws of Nature, philosophy: laws of nature (physical laws) are descriptions of dependencies of physical quantities among each other. From the fact that these are descriptions, it follows that these are no regulations in the sense of e.g. legal regulations. N. Goodman suggests in “Fact, Fiction and Forecast” (1954) that natural laws should be formulated in the form of irreal conditional sentences (also known as counterfactual conditionals); If A were the case, B would have been the case. See also counterfactual conditionals, irreal conditionals, laws, lawlikeness, law statements.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 344
Mirror/natural laws/Pinker: for all objects and processes in the universe is true that one cannot know if one sees the thing itself, or its mirror image - exception: decay of cobalt 60: emits preferably particles at the South Pole - Chirality/Pinker: random, not predetermined by nature - the mind treats both cases as if they were the same.
I 346
Language: the words "next to" say nothing about the right and left - but there is nothing appropriate for up and down or in front and behind.
I 347
We are quite insensitive to right/left, a tiger may come next time from the other side - Definition "right"/encyclopedia/Pinker: "eastern direction, if you look north".
I 352
Mental turning: the mirror image must be fold in the fourth dimension.
I 382
Natural Law/Law/Pinker: the laws of physics determine that objects with a greater density than water are not on the surface - selection along with physics specifies that objects that move quickly, are streamlined - genetics causes that the offspring resembles the parents - the human intentions provide chairs with forms and materials that turn them into stable seating.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Pi I
St. Pinker
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-25