Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Natural Kinds, philosophy: deviating from the biological definition, substances such as gold, water, etc. are referred to as natural kinds in the recent philosophical discussion. This goes back to the way in which these terms were introduced. (See H. Putnam, “The Meaning of 'Meaning”'. In Philosophical Papers, Vol. 2. Mind, Language and Reality, Cambridge.) Starting from a primary showing, the natural kind is defined as "something like this". The decisive point here is that there is no limit to future research. Virtually, any property that is initially attributed can prove to be a false assumption. See also introduction, definitions, terms.
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I 402
Natural kind/Folk Psychology/Pinker: for virtually dividing everything in species people do not need the knowledge of an essence, but the adoption of a hidden essence: (hidden feature) - E.g. we would not look at gold with different eyes, if we learned that the order number is not 78 but 79 - species/Darwin: is not an ideal type but a population.

Pi I
St. Pinker
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-28