|Names, proper names, philosophy: the status of proper names is a relatively new philosophical problem. S. A. Kripke has treated it as one of the first in “Naming and Necessity” (three lectures at Princeton University 1970, reprint Cambridge, 1980). Against the traditional bundle theory, according to which the meaning of names lies in the properties, or at least in the essential properties of their bearers, Kripke develops a causal theory of the names, which ultimately goes back to a baptism in the broader sense. The decisive point is that the name is associated with the person but it is not required that the person has any additional properties. See also causal theory, possible worlds, rigidity, rigid designators, descriptions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Name / proper names / Cresswell: could also predicates! (1985a, 153) maybe Pedro means "is called "Pedro"".
Names / meaning / bearer / Cresswell: Problem: if the meanings of the name are the bearers, then "Quentin says that Hesperus is Phosphorus." should mean the same as "Quentin says
Phosphorus is Phosphorus."- (attribution of propositional attitude).
Name / VsDescription-Theory / Cresswell: e.g. description "the thing that is called "Phosphorus"" singles out a whole class of things - therefore ambiguous._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
M. J. Cresswell
Semantical Essays (Possible worlds and their rivals) Dordrecht Boston 1988
M. J. Cresswell
Structured Meanings Cambridge Mass. 1984