|Morals: morals refers to a more or less coded set of rules, action maxims, duties and prohibitions within a society or group. Most of these rules are unconsciously internalized among the members of the society or group. Their justification and the possible assessment of actions are reflected in ethics and meta ethics. See also values, norms, rights, ethics._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Moral/Hume: there are no conclusions here.
1. Moral affections (part of the circumstances)
2. exceeding (knowledge) - In nature, there is no whole - in contrast to moral.
I 154 f
Moral/Hume: does not come from reason. Principles of association cannot choose - therefore there is no moral from principles - but moral is similar to action - this is beyond the relations - searching for pleasure is no content, but the work of principles.
Stegmüller IV 238
Virtue/Hume: distinction: natural virtue belongs to biological equipment. The moral philosophers have referred to it exclusively before Hume - E.g. generosity, forbearance, benevolence, charity, moderation, impartiality. (Basis: human sympathy) - artificial virtue: nothing more than human inventions - e.g. respect of property, rules for ownership transfer, pledges, commitment, to satisfy contracts, loyalty to the government - not from benevolence, because then it would depend on whether it is for the welfare of all - not from sympathy, because that is gradually, respect however must not be gradual.
Stegm IV 290
Moral/ethics/Hume/Stegmüller: we can ascribe to him that he would have rejected a justification of moral. But he would have insisted on an investigation of our terms of norms and institutions. - Then, it is not task of the philosopher to call for compliance._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989