Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Moore's Hands: Thought experiment by G.E. Moore (Moore, “Proof of an External World”, 1939). By lifting his hands and saying, "Here is a hand and here is another," he demonstrates directly that there are at least two material things in the outer world. Most authors argue that it is not possible to disprove skepticism in this way since the skeptical doubts go deeper and include, among other things, the relationship between manifestation and knowledge. Ultimately it is not excluded that the whole situation was dreamed.
 
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Stroud I 180
Verificationism VsMoore / Carnap / Moores hands / Stroud: Carnap goes much deeper than Moore because he recognizes the need for justification in a positive philosophy.

Ca I
R. Carnap
Die alte und die neue Logik
In
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996

Ca III
R. Carnap
Philosophie als logische Syntax
In
Philosophie im 20.Jahrhundert, Bd II, A. Hügli/P.Lübcke (Hg), Reinbek 1993

Ca IV
R. Carnap
Mein Weg in die Philosophie Stuttgart 1992

Ca VI
R. Carnap
Der Logische Aufbau der Welt Hamburg 1998

CA VII = PiS
R. Carnap
Sinn und Synonymität in natürlichen Sprachen
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Ca VIII (= PiS)
R. Carnap
Über einige Begriffe der Pragmatik
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Strd I
B. Stroud
The Significance of philosophical scepticism Oxford 1984


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-30