Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Possibility, philosophy: something is possible if it cannot be excluded. This has to be distinguished from the concept of contingency that expresses that something could have been different.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data
I 8
Def possibility/Stalnaker: a way in which the world can be - but just as the concept of truth does not say what is true and that of existence what exists, the term possibility does not say which possibilities there are.
I 66
Possibility/criterion/Lewis/Stalnaker: there is no criterion for possibility. - Solution: understand what is possible rather than to decide about it - E.g. whether water could have been something else than H2O - ultimately it is about understanding expressions - not about the status of worlds (poss.wo. or imposs.wo.).
I 170
Possibility/Stalnaker: can only be described by way of its possible implementation. -
I 171
It is useful to distinguish options from the language in which they are being described. It is not excluded that one thing can be reduced to the other in the end.
I 172
Assertion: a main function of assertions is to transmit information by distinguishing between possibilities.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Sta I
R. Stalnaker
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-06-21