|Possibility, philosophy: something is possible if it cannot be excluded. This has to be distinguished from the concept of contingency that expresses that something could have been different._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Possible objects/Unrealized possibilities/Individuation/Identification/Quine/Dennett: the possible fat man in the entrance and the possible bald man in the entrance: are they the same possible man, or there are two different possible men? Would their similarity make them into one? Are no two possible things equal?
Possibility/Dennett: Degrees: from weak to strong: 1) logical , 2) physical, 3) biological, 4) historical - (>stronger/weaker: >strength of theories). - Problem: E.g. time travel: how to distinguish logical and physical possibility?
Possibility/Dennett: Lewis: pro graded possibility (Dennett dito) - problem: not the same as accessibility within the >Library of Babel (or Mendel ) - this is greater than the universe._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Darwin’s Dangerous Idea, New York 1995
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997
Kinds of Minds, New York 1996
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999
"COG: Steps towards consciousness in robots"
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996
"Animal Consciousness. What Matters and Why?", in: D. C. Dennett, Brainchildren. Essays on Designing Minds, Cambridge/MA 1998, pp. 337-350
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005