|Possible World: entity that can be quantified over. There ist a dispute over the question whether possible worlds exist or are only assumed for purposes of proofs of completeness. See also actual world, modal logic, modal realism, realism, actualism, possibility, possibilia, quantification._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|II Preface (Putnam)
There are no "possible but not actual" worlds.
GoodmanVsFormalism: no formalism for the sake of formalism.
GoodmanVsImagination independent from our theorizing "ontological basement".
We have become accustomed to see the real world as one of many possible. This needs to be corrected: all possible worlds are within the real.
Putnam III 144
Versions/Goodman: it is not about different descriptions of "identical facts" - versions are unequal possible worlds, only incompatible versions must refer to different possible worlds - not different languages, so that tables sometimes as aggregates of time segments of molecules ... etc , but we decide to produce a corresponding world - E.g. "Big Dipper" was not created, but made a constellation. - PutnamsVsGoodman: to daring extrapolation: that there was nothing what we have not created.
PutnamVsGoodman: "Big Dipper" is not analytical: if a star perishs, we would further speak of the Big Dipper - but "star" has properties that cannot be accounted for by specifying a list - not to know by that, that we find out what belongs to the Big Dipper.
Big Dipper: which stars are included, is rather answered by the linguist - PutnamVsGoodman: the term "constellation" is in the middle. - The constellation remains when all the stars are light bulbs - PutnamVsGoodman: easy answer: we have not brought about the star Sirius ourselves - we have not made it a star - we have brought about the term star, and this term applies to Sirius - our term of bachelor applies to "Joseph Ullian", without, however, that our language practice made him a bachelor. - We create the concepts, but we do not cause them to be true._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997
N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990
Robert D., Putnam
Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community New York 2000