Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Models, philosophy, logic: A model is obtained when a logical formula provides true statements by inserting objects instead of the free variables. One problem is the exclusion of unintended models. See also model theory.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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IV 164f
Models/Goodman: In many cases, a model is a copy or an individual case for which it is a model (e.g. model citizen). In other cases, the roles are reversed: what the model denotes that has as an individual case, for which it is model. A mathematical model is a formula that applies to the process. Ship model, architecture model, wooden model of a car: none is a description in the normal or the mathematical sense of the language. Unlike samples these models are denotative.
IV 165
Models of this type are in fact diagrams. Or: Diagrams are flat and static models. A molecular model of sticks and table tennis balls is digital. A working model of a windmill can be analog.
IV 165
E.g. The model house can also be a denotative model of houses under development including itself, and it exemplifies itself as a label. It differs from the miniature model as "monosyllabic" differs from "polysyllabic".
IV 165
Models are not, as it is often assumed, necessarily metaphorical. That depends on how it is steered by a prior use.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

N. Goodman
Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984

N. Goodman
Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988

N. Goodman
Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997

N. Goodman/K. Elgin
Revisionen Frankfurt 1989

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-04-24