## Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments | |||

Models, philosophy, logic: A model is obtained when a logical formula provides true statements by inserting objects instead of the free variables. One problem is the exclusion of unintended models. See also model theory. | |||

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IV 164f Models/Goodman: In many cases, a model is a copy or an individual case for which it is a model (e.g. model citizen). In other cases, the roles are reversed: what the model denotes that has as an individual case, for which it is model. A mathematical model is a formula that applies to the process. Ship model, architecture model, wooden model of a car: none is a description in the normal or the mathematical sense of the language. Unlike samples these models are denotative. --- IV 165 Models of this type are in fact diagrams. Or: Diagrams are flat and static models. A molecular model of sticks and table tennis balls is digital. A working model of a windmill can be analog. --- IV 165 E.g. The model house can also be a denotative model of houses under development including itself, and it exemplifies itself as a label. It differs from the miniature model as "monosyllabic" differs from "polysyllabic". --- IV 165 Models are not, as it is often assumed, necessarily metaphorical. That depends on how it is steered by a prior use. |
G I N. Goodman Weisen der Welterzeugung Frankfurt 1984 G II N. Goodman Tatsache Fiktion Voraussage Frankfurt 1988 G III N. Goodman Sprachen der Kunst Frankfurt 1997 G IV N. Goodman/K. Elgin Revisionen Frankfurt 1989 |

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27