|Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Method/science/methods fetishism: when there is no way, how can one explain the success of science? - Putnam: there are probably methods, but they must presuppose a concept of rationality.
Science/method/Popper: we should allow only the hypotheses that are most easily falsified - ((s) due to low probability to refute the others - PutnamVsPopper: this leads to a selection due to arbitrarily assumed predicates (excluding grue etc.) - still narrow rationality - it also excludes a theory of evolution - PopperVsPeirce: VsAbduction, VsBest Explanation - (s) a vague method leads to results that are difficult to interpret)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990
Robert D., Putnam
Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community New York 2000