|Method: a method is a procedure agreed on by participants of a discussion or research project. In the case of violations of a method, the comparability of the results is in particular questioned, since these no longer come from a set with uniformly defined properties of the elements.|
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Observation/system/separation/method/Luhmann: an observer can observe operations and define it as a unit, which run psychologically and socially at the same time. - However, it is methodologically strange: he can identify how it appears to him naturally. - It would simply be unnatural to separate the systems - which seems to be a contradiction to the entire system theory.
Solution/Luhmann: clarify what is actually an observer. - Solution: someone who chooses theories. - Punch line: with that the observer occurs in his own theory again. - This is a cycle or somersault - ((s)> circle, circular). - Question: Is it the everyday world or the science which determines the theory choice? - Durkheim: Social Emergence: you can explain social facts only by social facts.
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997