|Metalanguage: metalanguage is the language in which linguistic forms, the meaning of expressions and sentences, the use of language, as well as the admissibility of formations, and the truth of statements are discussed. The language you refer to is called object language. A statement about the form, correctness, or truth of another statement thus includes both, i.e. object language and meta language. See also richness, truth-predicate, expressiveness, paradoxes, mention, use, quasi-reference, quotation, hierarchy, fixed points._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Max Black on Metalanguage - Dictionary of Arguments
Metalanguage/Object Language/Tarski/Black: the distinction has to be heeded very thoroughly. Example (c) The statement in italics is wrong - then: (1) c is identical with the statement "c is false" - on the other hand you cannot deny: (2) "c is false" is true iff c is false - from (1) and (2) follows: - (3) c is true iff c is false - this is a contradiction - Solution/Black: the contradiction arises, because the term "statement" is ambiguous - (primary/secondary) - then "the primary statement in italics is false" - (that is secondary) - with that, no primary statement itself is in italics.
T Def/Tarski/Black: Method: "true" is regarded as predicate of the object language - Important argument: the statement "S is true" then also belongs to the metalanguage.
Metalanguage/Names/Black: Important argument: the metalanguage contains no rule for converting the names from the object language! It must be seen as a kind of logical coincidence that E.g. names were always enclosed in commas. No structural relationship could be found between a word in the object language and its name in the metalanguage._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
"Meaning and Intention: An Examination of Grice’s Views", New Literary History 4, (1972-1973), pp. 257-279
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979
The Labyrinth of Language, New York/London 1978
Sprache. Eine Einführung in die Linguistik München 1973
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983
"The Semantic Definition of Truth", Analysis 8 (1948) pp. 49-63
Truth and Meaning, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994