|Metaphor: a metaphor is the transmission of a linguistic expression into a different context than that in which it was expected. The expectation results from the frequency of previous uses in certain contexts. Through the transmission an expression, which is actually expected at this place in the speech, is replaced. The condition for replacement is a certain similarity between the characteristics of the old and the new expression required for understanding. The improbability of the appearance of the new expression is a condition for the rhetorical effect of the metaphor.|
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|Rorty III 44
Metaphor/Davidson: having a meaning means having a place in a language game. Metaphors have no place per definition. Metaphors interrupt a conversation. They do not convey any message. Metaphors cannot be paraphrased.
Rorty III 50
Metaphor/Davidson: new metaphor does not express what has been there before, although it is caused by it.
Dav II 168
Davidson (in conversation with Joachim Schulte): there are no metaphors, only literal meaning: human rat: meaning: contemptible fur animal, not contemptible man.
Metaphors/Davidson: are causes, but not reasons for a change of beliefs.
Dav II 168
Metaphor/Davidson: For example, if I call someone a "rat", the meaning is "little fur animal" etc. - not "contemptible person". - Someone who wants to understand the metaphor must know what a rat is. - ("first meaning") - "rat" is not ambiguous. - Solution/Davidson: new: two intentions simultaneously.
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