Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Metaphor: a metaphor is the transmission of a linguistic expression into a different context than that in which it was expected. The expectation results from the frequency of previous uses in certain contexts. Through the transmission an expression, which is actually expected at this place in the speech, is replaced. The condition for replacement is a certain similarity between the characteristics of the old and the new expression required for understanding. The improbability of the appearance of the new expression is a condition for the rhetorical effect of the metaphor.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Rorty III 44
Metaphor/Davidson: having a meaning means having a place in a language game. Metaphors have no place per definition. Metaphors interrupt a conversation. They do not convey any message. Metaphors cannot be paraphrased.
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Rorty III 50
Metaphor/Davidson: new metaphor does not express what has been there before, although it is caused by it.
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K. Glüer, Davidson zur Einführung, 1993
Glüer II 168
Davidson (in conversation with Joachim Schulte): there are no metaphors, only literal meaning: human rat: meaning: contemptible fur animal, not contemptible man.
Metaphors/Davidson: are causes, but not reasons for a change of beliefs.
Glüer II 168
Metaphor/Davidson: For example, if I call someone a "rat", the meaning is "little fur animal" etc. - not "contemptible person". - Someone who wants to understand the metaphor must know what a rat is. - ("first meaning") - "rat" is not ambiguous. - Solution/Davidson: new: two intentions simultaneously.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

D I
D. Davidson
Der Mythos des Subjektiven Stuttgart 1993

D III
D. Davidson
Handlung und Ereignis Frankfurt 1990

D IV
D. Davidson
Wahrheit und Interpretation Frankfurt 1990

Ro I
R. Rorty
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997

Ro II
R. Rorty
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000

Ro III
R. Rorty
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992

Ro IV
R. Rorty
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993

Ro V
R. Rorty
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998

Ro VI
R. Rorty
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000

D II
K. Glüer
D. Davidson Zur Einführung Hamburg 1993


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-24