|To mean, intending, philosophy: the intention of a spokeswoman to refer to an object, a property of an object or a situation by means of her words, gestures or actions in a manner which is recognizable for others. From what is meant together with the situation, listeners should be able to recognize the meaning of the characters used.|
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(to) mean/Grice/Tugendhat: the speaker who uses the sentence 'p', intendes to make the hearer believe 'p' is true - A intendes that B means that A means that p - (revised).
Definition (to) mean/Tugendhat: narrower form of believe: if the speaker does not have intentions that go beyond the outcome of this game - believe disposition is separable from it - one does not always mean p, if one believes that p - believe: has cause - (to) mean: can also have reasons except for causes - (to) mean: is not the expectation that p can be proved true - (because (to) mean is expectation anyway) - (to) mean = game intention (one can deceive the listener about it - believe/Tugendhat: also in animals.
Vorlesungen zur Einführung in die Sprachanalytische Philosophie Frankfurt 1976
Philosophische Aufsätze Frankfurt 1992