|To mean, intending, philosophy: the intention of a speaker to refer to an object, a property of an object or a situation by means of her words, gestures or actions in a manner which is recognizable for others. From what is meant together with the situation, listeners should be able to recognize the meaning of the characters used._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Meaning/Denoting: A) From meaning follows a fact (but not a name)
E.g. " These spots mean measles"
Denote/mean: other cases: B) A fact does not follow from signifying:
E.g. ringing thrice means: the bus is full. But today it is not full.
here you cannot say that it wasn’t measles, although the significance was such - B) From meaning does not follow a fact:
E.g. Thrice ringing means that the bus is full . But today it is not full.
I 90 ~
Meaning/Convention/Saying/Grice: it shall be necessary and sufficient for the truth that "S meant" that p, even though it said for S that #p is not sufficient._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
H. Paul Grice
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, Hg. Georg Meggle Frankfurt/M. 1993