|To mean, intending, philosophy: the intention of a speaker to refer to an object, a property of an object or a situation by means of her words, gestures or actions in a manner which is recognizable for others. From what is meant together with the situation, listeners should be able to recognize the meaning of the characters used.|
Books on Amazon:
Wittgenstein: E.g. someone is in love with one of two identical twins - God, if he could look into his head, could not tell in which of the two, if the person herself does not know in that moment - ((s) because in the mental state and in the twin there would be no additional information) - Evans: the (descriptive) theory of mind can not explain why erroneous descriptions cannot be decisive.
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989