Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Logic: logic is the doctrine of the admissibility or inadmissibility of relations between statements and thus the validity of the compositions of these statements. In particular, the question is whether conclusions can be obtained from certain presuppositions such as premises or antecedents. Logical formulas are not interpreted at first. Only the interpretation, i. e. the insertion of values, e.g. objects instead of the free variables, makes the question of their truth meaningful.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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Strawson V 64
Logic/Kant: logic does not contribute to the conditions the objects have to meet - logic uses terms, but not the content of knowledge - General Logic: abstracts - Transcendental Logic: is confronted with a manifold of sensory input.
V 68
There cannot be a specific way in which we need to think about the objects of experience, in order to enable the thtruth-functional composition of statements - the ability of the composition cannot depend on our disposal of any other a priori concept of an object in general - StrawsonVsKant: "metaphysical deduction": is a failed attempt to derive the categories of logic - Strawson: the logic did not help Kant to get ahead.
Bubner I 105
Logic/KantVsTadition: old: while conventional logic send the conceptual doctrine of the judgment doctrine based on it ahead,...
New: ...the transcendental logic proceeds vice versa and orients the fundamental categories already on the synthesis performance of the judgments.
I 106
The categorial pre-structuring by concepts a priori constitutes objects as objects and thus "makes them" the subject of possible epistemological judgments ((s) reflexive, > critique).
For example, the "black human" and "the human is black": in the first case merely thought of as black (problematic).
In the second it was recognized as such!
But both times it is the same understanding by the same actions!

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I. Kant
I Günter Schulte Kant Einführung (Campus) Frankfurt 1994
Externe Quellen. ZEIT-Artikel 11/02 (Ludger Heidbrink über Rawls)
Volker Gerhard "Die Frucht der Freiheit" Plädoyer für die Stammzellforschung ZEIT 27.11.03
Str I
P.F. Strawson
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972

Str IV
P.F. Strawson
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994

Str V
P.F. Strawson
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981

Bu I
R. Bubner
Antike Themen und ihre moderne Verwandlung Frankfurt 1992

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2018-05-25