Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 63
Learning/Maturana: historical transformation of an organism through experience - serves the basal circularity - new behavior evolves - for an observer, behavior by incorporating a representation seems justified that modifies behavior by memory - but the system operates in the present - advantageousness can only be determined a posteriori.
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I 70
Allowes purely consensual (cultural) evolution without evolution of the nervous system.
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I 73
Learning/Maturana: behavioral change must be accompanied by other changes.
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I 74
Not accumulation of representations but continuous transformation of behavior.
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I 119
Learning/instinctive behavior/Maturana. initially indistinguishable, because they are determined in the concrete realization by the structures of the nervous system - Learning: acquired ontogenetically - instinct: acquired evolutionary.
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I 119
Learning/Maturana: does not change the structure - acquisition of representations: only metaphorically - (would presuppose instructive system) - a learning system has no trivial experiences (interactions), because all interactions lead to structural changes.
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I 280
Learning/Maturana: described in brackets: pure epigenetic process (development of the individual) - no directed process of adaptation to a reality.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Mat I
U. Maturana
Biologie der Realität Frankfurt 2000


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-07-22