|Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Learning/DennettVsPinker: no "multipurpose operation" (Humans have different symbols than animals.) But humans have so many individual devices for specific tasks that learning can often be regarded as media and content-neutral gift of non-stupidity.
Skinnerian creatures: "Where the inherited behavior ceases, the inherited variability of the conditioning processsets on". In the second experiment, the amplified version is selected.
Popperian creatures/Dennett: their inner environment is an image of the outside world. (learned experience of others).
Even a pilot training, where you just read a book would be Popperian. But that would be better than just trying your luck in the sky.
Human/Dennett: is both a Skinnerain, a Darwinian, but also a Popperian creature. But with this he differs not at all from most animals.
Def Gregorian creature/Dennett: benefit from the experience of others by using the insights that embody invented other intellectual tools. These improve both the producer and the examiner._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Darwin’s Dangerous Idea, New York 1995
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997
Kinds of Minds, New York 1996
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999
"COG: Steps towards consciousness in robots"
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996
"Animal Consciousness. What Matters and Why?", in: D. C. Dennett, Brainchildren. Essays on Designing Minds, Cambridge/MA 1998, pp. 337-350
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005