Dictionary of Arguments

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Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
I 690ff
Learning/DennettVsPinker: no "multipurpose operation" (Humans have different symbols than animals.) But humans have so many individual devices for specific tasks that learning can often be regarded as media and content-neutral gift of non-stupidity.
II 102ff
Skinnerian creatures: "Where the inherited behavior ceases, the inherited variability of the conditioning processsets on". In the second experiment, the amplified version is selected.
Popperian creatures/Dennett: their inner environment is an image of the outside world. (learned experience of others).
Even a pilot training, where you just read a book would be Popperian. But that would be better than just trying your luck in the sky.
Human/Dennett: is both a Skinnerain, a Darwinian, but also a Popperian creature. But with this he differs not at all from most animals.
Def Gregorian creature/Dennett: benefit from the experience of others by using the insights that embody invented other intellectual tools. These improve both the producer and the examiner.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Dennett I
D. Dennett
Darwin’s Dangerous Idea, New York 1995
German Edition:
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997

Dennett II
D. Dennett
Kinds of Minds, New York 1996
German Edition:
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999

Dennett III
Daniel Dennett
"COG: Steps towards consciousness in robots"
In
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996

Dennett IV
Daniel Dennett
"Animal Consciousness. What Matters and Why?", in: D. C. Dennett, Brainchildren. Essays on Designing Minds, Cambridge/MA 1998, pp. 337-350
In
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2019-04-21
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