|Mind Body problem: the question of how thinking and sensibility arise from matter, and how the relationship of the mental and the material without which the mental (psychic, psychical) is not possible can be explained. See also substance, res Cogitans, dualism, monism, identity theory, materialism, physicalism, functionalism.|
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Identities: E.g. Pain is the excitation of C fibers (types of mental states, types of physical states). Nagel/Davidson: Alleged impossibility of correlation of psychological and physical properties.
Descartes: Mind is different from the body, because the mind could exist without the body.
KripkeVsDescartes: He might as well have derived these conclusions from the premise that the body could have existed without the mind.
A theory which states that a person is nothing beside or above their body, just like a statue is nothing beside or above the matter, would have to defend the necessary thesis that a person exists iff their body exists and also has a certain physical organization.
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984