Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Criteria: do not follow from a definition but must be developed. The criteria for the application of a concept to an object are more concerned with language practice in a community. E.g. the definition of truth does not provide a criterion for which sentences are true.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
Cavell I 275
Criteria/Wittgenstein/Cavell: Wittgenstein's criteria do not help to distinguish between genuine and feigned pain. (Only for signs of pain).
Putnam: but they allow me to realize that what I seem to see is a case of pain.
They do not say: the pain is real, but they tell me that I see pain.
Criteria/Behaviorism/Wittgenstein/Cavell/Putnam: If I answer the skeptic, I know that the criteria are fulfilled, because the criteria are determined by the behavior, then my (Putnam's) interpretation Wittgenstein's approaches so much a behaviorist one that I would be forced to call Wittgenstein a behaviourist.
Cavell: we cannot describe the criteria for pain without using the concept of pain.
Putnam: for Cavell, who does not see the function of criteria in granting the permission; to say "I know", the path to a behaviorist Wittgenstein does not open up at all.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Pu I
H. Putnam
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993

Pu II
H. Putnam
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999

Pu III
H. Putnam
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997

Pu IV
H. Putnam
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995

Pu V
H. Putnam
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990

Cav I
St. Cavell
Die Unheimlichkeit des Gewöhnlichen Frankfurt 2002


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-12-12