|Criteria: do not follow from a definition but must be developed. The criteria for the application of a concept to an object are more concerned with language practice in a community. E.g. the definition of truth does not provide a criterion for which sentences are true._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Cavell I 275
Criteria/Wittgenstein/Cavell: Wittgenstein's criteria do not help to distinguish between genuine and feigned pain. (Only for signs of pain).
Putnam: but they allow me to realize that what I seem to see is a case of pain.
They do not say: the pain is real, but they tell me that I see pain.
Criteria/Behaviorism/Wittgenstein/Cavell/Putnam: If I answer the skeptic, I know that the criteria are fulfilled, because the criteria are determined by the behavior, then my (Putnam's) interpretation Wittgenstein's approaches so much a behaviorist one that I would be forced to call Wittgenstein a behaviourist.
Cavell: we cannot describe the criteria for pain without using the concept of pain.
Putnam: for Cavell, who does not see the function of criteria in granting the permission; to say "I know", the path to a behaviorist Wittgenstein does not open up at all._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Von einem Realistischen Standpunkt Frankfurt 1993
Repräsentation und Realität Frankfurt 1999
Für eine Erneuerung der Philosophie Stuttgart 1997
Pragmatismus Eine offene Frage Frankfurt 1995
Vernunft, Wahrheit und Geschichte Frankfurt 1990
Robert D., Putnam
Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community New York 2000
Die Unheimlichkeit des Gewöhnlichen Frankfurt 2002