|Criteria: do not follow from a definition but must be developed. The criteria for the application of a concept to an object are more concerned with language practice in a community. E.g. the definition of truth does not provide a criterion for which sentences are true._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|Chisholm II M.David/L. Stubenberg (Hg) Philosophische Aufsätze zu Ehren von R.M. Chisholm Graz 1986
Criterion/David: the criterion e.g. for good/bad apples is not itself an apple, but for propositions it is a proposition. ChisholmVs: it does not have to be a proposition.
Epistemology: A what do we know?
B: how do we decide whether we know anything?
Parikularism: from A to B
Methodism: from B to A
Criterion: need not be explicit knowledge.
Vs: circular if the crit. relies on the list A.
VsVs: need not be a finished list - actual argue whether a complete theory must be at the beginning. No one can start with single examples, but:
Methodism: solution: the good apples are the ones that have no stains - and thus A and B fall together.
Particularism: in better position: just start, we do not need a principle._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004