|Correspondence Theory: truth as correspondence of statements with objects resp. situations in the world. The correspondence theory is a thesis about truth, not about the world. See also mapping relation, representation, picture theory, coherence theory_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
VsCorrespondence Theory: privileging log sentences as basis sentences is a mistake, because it is falsely tacitly assumed that basis sentences stated facts.
I 293 f
AyerVsCorrespondence Theory/AyerVsWittgenstein: E.g. Map: assumption of structural similarity missed - otherwise, a map with the correct scale could be from a different country - E.g. a very similar photograph could be of someone else - there has to be a convention - physical correspondence only correct if it is chosen as method of representation - Convention decides what signs represent - fact about what is true.
Map/Ayer: may be considered as a kind of proposition - it expresses something by physically corresponding - truth by fulfilling this statement function - but not by the fact that we choose one or the other method to determine what the function is.
AyerVsCorrespondence Theory: confuses the question of the conventionality of the symbol system with the question of the truth of what is symbolized._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Alfred J. Ayer
"Truth" in: The Concept of a Person and other Essays, London 1963
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977
Alfred Jules Ayer
Language, Truth and Logic, London 1936
Philosophie im 20. Jahrhundert, A. Hügli/P. Lübcke,
Alfred Jules Ayer
"The Criterion of Truth", Analysis 3 (1935), pp. 28-32
Theories of Truth, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994