Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Conventions: Conventions are agreements on approval and disapproval of actions that may have been made explicitly once, but have evolved over time to a more or less unconscious basis for the coordinated action of most members of a group or society. These conventions, on the other hand, lead to the expectation of certain consequences of actions.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

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II 257
Convention/StrawsonVsAustin: does not create truth: Relation between the Prime Minister and the expression "the Prime Minister" is conventional, but those who use the expression speak no truth without the context - II 260 VsAustin: confuses semantic conditions with what was stated - II 268 E.g. the fact that a statement is exaggerated does not depend on a convention, but on a difference to a fact - II 269 existential statements and limited general statements do not make use of conventions
II 257
Truthmaker/Strawson: E.g. language with "plate" (Wittgenstein, PU) would be just as conventional, but those alleged pseudo-entities that make statements true (facts), would not be among the non-linguistic correlates - (s) but the world would be more empty because of it

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Str I
P.F. Strawson
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972

Str IV
P.F. Strawson
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994

Str V
P.F. Strawson
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-22