|Contingency, philosophy: Contingency is not synonymous with randomness, but expresses that an existing fact could have been different. Its counterpart is necessity. See also coincidence, necessity, necessity de re.|
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"Double Contingency"/Parsons/Reese-Schäfer: no action can ensue if Alter makes his action dependent on how Ego acts and Ego wants to connect its behavior to Alter. - Solution: time dimension. - Double contingency inevitably leads to the formation of social systems.
AU Cass 10
Double Contingency/Luhmann: I have to think about what I'm doing, so that you do what I want you to do.
AU Cass 14
Double Contingency/Parsons: the social order already exists before the contracts, family before family law, church before dogmatism, etc. - Luhmann: question: how is an optimal way found if everybody can contribute their effort, but also their denial? - Two actors are assumed - Alter/Ego - Contingency: two dimensions: 1) Dependency on something - 2) It might be different - Common values are secondary. - The common values are not even recognized in the beginning. - Pure temporality - One acts first - thus he breaks through a circle. - ("I do what you want if you ...") - Question: what was first, the double contingency or the system?
AU Cass 14
Double Contingency/Luhmann: conflict resolution - existence only in execution, no history, no initial conditions.
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997