Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Contingency, philosophy: Contingency is not synonymous with randomness, but expresses that an existing fact could have been different. Its counterpart is necessity. See also coincidence, necessity, necessity de re.
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Stalnaker I 188
Contingent a priori/Kripke/Stalnaker: Evans: e.g. the inventor of the zipper (whoever he/she is) is assumed to be called Julius (by stipulation) - then the statement "Julius invented the zipper" can be known a priori - Reference/Meaning/Important Argument: because the description was rather used to determine the reference than to give the meaning, the fact that Julius invented the zipper is a contingent fact.

S.A. Kripke
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981

S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984

Sta I
R. Stalnaker
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003

> Counter arguments against Kripke

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-28