Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Context, context dependency: sentences, words and texts depend to a varying extent on the addition of additional information to eliminate ambiguities. In particular, the use of index words such as "here", "now", but also of pronouns like "mine" leads to indeterminacy of the reference. The additional information may possibly be taken from an already existing information set, whereby the sentences to be examined, words or texts, form a subset of this more comprehensive set. Such a more comprehensive amount of information already existing elsewhere is called context. See also dependency, ambiguity, indeterminacy, discovery.
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I 206
Content/Kaplan: sentence meaning: does not define the content itself - it is the context that defines it. - Context/Stalnaker: can be represented as a centered world.
I 207
Content: represented by propositions. - Character/Content: must be separated, because the sentence meanings ((s) propositions) represent the thoughts that are not expressed. - ((s) because it may be that you do not know which proposition your own sentence expresses.)

Sta I
R. Stalnaker
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-24