|Context, context dependency: sentences, words and texts depend to a varying extent on the addition of additional information to eliminate ambiguities. In particular, the use of index words such as "here", "now", but also of pronouns like "mine" leads to indeterminacy of the reference. The additional information may possibly be taken from an already existing information set, whereby the sentences to be examined, words or texts, form a subset of this more comprehensive set. Such a more comprehensive amount of information already existing elsewhere is called context. See also dependency, ambiguity, indeterminacy, discovery.|
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Context-dependent/contextuality/Fraassen: a) meaning of theories is "explained". - b) language of use of theories - Definition external sentences/Quine: context-independent formulation of theories.
Context dependence/context-dependent/Fraassen: any theory of causation must explain what is discarded as unimportant. And this happens context-dependently. - This, in turn, is objective. So much context dependency must always be there. - Counterfactual Conditional: Problem: there is too much context-dependence.
Cause/Fraassen: is context-dependent - dependent on description. - Many authors provide very different definitions - Lewis: cause is the factor that we control the least. - Nagel: cause is the factor that we control the most. - (explanation-like) Relevance/Fraassen: is context-dependent.
Contextuality/Fraassen: means that a factor is neither determined by the totality of accepted theories, nor by the event or the fact to be explained.
B. van Fraassen
The Scientific Image Oxford 1980