Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole.
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Chisholm II 171
Sum/Simons: Sum: must exist, complexes: do not have to exist - we need both, because of the different modal properties - aRb and a+b
Simons I 324
Complex: has different existence conditions than the sum: it exists simply when its parts exist -" complex: additionally has a constitutive condition: e.g. for multiplicities, the difference between a class and a group -" a complex can stop then, while the sum (by parts) still exists -" sum and complex are thus superimposed, not identical -" modal. E.g. Suppose the world could have consisted of the same objects, but with different relations -
I 354
Def Complex/Simons: structured whole, with certain relations -" also characteristic overall relation -" Problem: unclear what is considered unstructured -

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-05-27