Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
Chisholm II 171
Sum/Simons: Sum: must exist, complexes: do not have to exist - we need both, because of the different modal properties - aRb and a+b
Simons I 324
Complex: has different existence conditions than the sum: it exists simply when its parts exist -" complex: additionally has a constitutive condition: e.g. for multiplicities, the difference between a class and a group -" a complex can stop then, while the sum (by parts) still exists -" sum and complex are thus superimposed, not identical -" modal. E.g. Suppose the world could have consisted of the same objects, but with different relations -
I 354
Def Complex/Simons: structured whole, with certain relations -" also characteristic overall relation -" Problem: unclear what is considered unstructured -


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987

Chi I
R. Chisholm
Die erste Person Frankfurt 1992

Chi III
Roderick M. Chisholm
Erkenntnistheorie Graz 2004

Si I
P. Simons
Parts Oxford New York 1987


> Counter arguments against Simons

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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-21