|Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
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Combining/language acquisition/Quine: in animals no composite expressions - "how is ability of composition learned?" - this is about language-dependent resemblance - attributive: yellow paper (observation term, could also be learned as a word) - "predicative. is yellow-".
In: situations must have the following complex property: expressions are uttered in such a way that the corresponding parts of the scene lie inside one another -" similar: the common element in the situations consists in a perceptible but not sufficient incentive to agree to a - truth function: Problem: compositions of situation sentences (or observation sentences) are not truth-functional: E.g. We cannot understand the sentence -Here is yellow paper- as composed of -Here is yellow- and -Here is paper- because yellow and paper may exist in the scene without yellow paper existing there.
Compound sentence/Quine: is used when conjunction is denied - "(s) -both is wrong- not only the parts individually._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953
Bezeichnung und Referenz
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003