|Complex: a complex is composed of components that can be distinguished from each other and are relatively autonomous. Complex behavior refers to systems that consist of several components. The relative independence of the components is manifested in their behavior. Relative autonomy of the components is determined by the description of the complex as a whole._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Compound Expressions/Complex Terms/Relative Clause/Geach: Problem: not merely simple predicate corresponds to the R clause - ambiguous to whom "someone", "he" or "anyone" refers - Range: deceptive E.g. a woman admired by all natives is beautiful/his wife/gift - Russell: "denoting expressions" must be radically paraphrased - Geach pro
Compound Expressions/Complex Terms/Relative Clause/Geach: Relationship pronoun - antecedent analogous to variable operator - ambiguous - solution: resolution by additional pronouns: "if", "and", etc. - (s) it is not about unity, but about dissolving the unity - Symbolic Language/Geach: (e.g. ML): can dissolve unity by definition: E.g. "y belongs to the class of Ps": differs depending on whether with equal sign or epsilon: >"for a class x, y belongs to x, and if something belongs to x, it is P" - E.g. wrong: "only a woman who has lost all sense of shame gets drunk" - right: a woman only gets ... when she..." otherwise follows: "Men never get drunk"_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Logic Matters Oxford 1972