|Communication: In general, communication is the transmission of information between several entities (people, animals, cells) that are able to process this information. In communication, information is copied and not merely transmitted, since it is not lost at the original location. New information emerges where applicable in the individuals involved in the communication. The aim of communication is to change the information of a recipient. Human communication also includes the manner of transmission, e.g. ironic coloring of a quotation or the knowledge about the credibility of a source. See also information, language, communication theory, actions, understanding, frame theories._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Niklas Luhmann on Communication - Dictionary of Arguments
Baraldi I 89
Communication/Luhmann/GLU: - specific operation of social systems: 1) Communication, 2) Information 3) Understanding the difference between communication and information. - Communication is not the same as information, it only happens when information is understood - information is a selection between what is said and unsaid - Understanding is selection between communication and information.
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Reese-Schäfer II 47
Society/Communication/Luhmann/Reese-Schäfer: Special case: only society operates with communication - there is no communication outside of society. - Therefore, it is necessary closed. - This is the only system for which this is true - ((s) I.e. communication in the animal kingdom is precluded?) - Then no observer can take an outside standpoint.
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AU Cass 13
Communication/Language/Karl Bühler/Luhmann: instead of "transmission model": - unity of three components 1) Information, what it is about - 2) Communication - 3) Understanding - already existed in antiquity. - LuhmannVsSpeech Act Theory: is the idea that this triad could be dismantled into acts. - Karl Bühler: all of them are only functions - ((s) Function/(s): Is not an act.)
AU Cass 13
Communication/LuhmannVsHabermas: communication does not serve the creation of consensus. - If that does not work, it is simply declared the norm and claimed "it was supposed to be like that." But we should not turn an impossibility into a standard.
SchelskyVsHabermas: Does communication stop when this goal is reached?
Solution/Luhmann: communication is not an act which would have to be brought under a standard - only communicating is action. - Communication is open when viewed without additions like truth. - We can also say "no" - On the other hand, we do not have the opportunity to start all over again - without any authority it is impossible. - "No" does not terminate communication - communication could only be terminated by misunderstanding. - Communication ensues when"yes" and "no" are not yet decided._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Introduction to Systems Theory, Lectures Universität Bielefeld 1991/1992
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997
C. Baraldi, G.Corsi. E. Esposito
GLU: Glossar zu Luhmanns Theorie sozialer Systeme Frankfurt 1997
Luhmann zur Einführung Hamburg 2001