Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

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Counterfactual conditional: the counterfactual conditional is equivalent to unreal conditional sentences. Conditionals, in which a fact is mentioned in the antecedent, which is not the case. If A were the case, B would have been the case. Counterfactual conditionals are needed because of the indeterminacy of pointing. One cannot unequivocally single out a certain element of a situation. The counterfactual conditional tells us which element would have had to be different in order for a process under examination to have a different outcome.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
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Books on Amazon
I 154
WrightVsCounterfactual Conditionals: E.g. a chameleon sits in the dark on a green billiards table: it cannot a priori apply that the truth conditions for the corresponding sentence are covered by the statement to be analyzed - (Conditional Fallacy) - Wright: but we are keen on an equivalence (projectivist?) that can be valid a priori. - Solution: provisional equation: e.g. chameleon: could not have happened if we had determined that it was about its color under standard conditions and with a standard observer - provisional equation: If competing statement, then (it would be the case that P iff would S judged that p) (competing statement: no alternative circumstances for competing statement) - provisional equation: at best true a posteriori - loss of universality, no statement about of non-standard conditions.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Wri I
Cr. Wright
Wahrheit und Objektivität Frankfurt 2001

WriGH I
G. H. von Wright
Erklären und Verstehen Hamburg 2008


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-11-22