|Counterfactual conditional: the counterfactual conditional is equivalent to unreal conditional sentences. Conditionals, in which a fact is mentioned in the antecedent, which is not the case. If A were the case, B would have been the case. Counterfactual conditionals are needed because of the indeterminacy of pointing. One cannot unequivocally single out a certain element of a situation. The counterfactual conditional tells us which element would have had to be different in order for a process under examination to have a different outcome._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Counterfactual Conditionals/Co.Co./Overdeterminism/Knowledge/Nozick. Counterfactual conditionals help exclude cases of overdeterminism - i.e. cases where multiple independent causes are sufficient in themselves. II 174
Example Barn Facades/Alvin Goldman/Nozick: if there are many fakes, we should not speak of knowledge.
Counterfactual Conditional/Nozick: shows covariance._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Philosophical Explanations Oxford 1981
The Nature of Rationality 1994