|Counterfactual conditional: the counterfactual conditional is equivalent to unreal conditional sentences. Conditionals, in which a fact is mentioned in the antecedent, which is not the case. If A were the case, B would have been the case. Counterfactual conditionals are needed because of the indeterminacy of pointing. One cannot unequivocally single out a certain element of a situation. The counterfactual conditional tells us which element would have had to be different in order for a process under examination to have a different outcome._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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|EMD II 90
Counterfactual Conditionals/co.co./Dummett: allow the construction of undecidable sentences -> intuitionism - a counterfactual conditional can only be "simply" true if there is a logical necessity that either the Counterfactual Conditional or its opposite are true.
Opposite of counterfactual conditionals: the same antecedent - contradictory consequent - but no one would assume that it is necessary that either the counterfactual conditional or its opposite is true. - E.g. "x learns languages easily" - x has never learned a foreign language.
i) no determined answer.
ii) objective structure of the brain, objective response.
iii) no physiological feature, however neither true nor false.
Allocation/Ability/Dummett: you cannot reduce the categorical sentence "he is good at …" to counterfactual conditionals._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992
Wahrheit Stuttgart 1982
G. Evans/J. McDowell
Truth and Meaning Oxford 1977
The Varieties of Reference (Clarendon Paperbacks) Oxford 1989