|Coherence theory: coherence of a system of sentences, not primaryly with respect to objects of the world, but to integration with prior knowledge._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Russell VsCoherence Theory/Russell: the truth definition presupposes the meaning of "coherence" - many scientific theories are not entirely coherent.
Def coherence theory/Russell: Characteristic of the falsity of a thought is: if it does not place itself without contradiction in the totality of our opinions. According to this, the essence of any truth is to be part of a completely closed system which is "The Truth". (RussellVs).
1 There is no reason to assume that only a set of coherent opinions is possible at all. Not so unusual in science.
The definition of truth according to the coherence theory already presupposes the meaning of "coherence", whereas in reality "coherence" presupposes the truth of the laws of logic.
If we now wanted to try to subject the proposition of contradiction itself to a coherence test, we would find that - assuming it was wrong - there could be no incoherence at all between propositions!
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RussellVsCoherence Theory: An imaginative writer could invent a coherent new past that is consistent with everything we know and yet quite different from the real past.
There is no evidence that there is any one coherent system.
Coherence/Russell: is not actually the meaning of truth, but it can provide an important criterion.
_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
B. Russell/A.N. Whitehead
Principia Mathematica Frankfurt 1986
The ABC of Relativity, London 1958, 1969
Das ABC der Relativitätstheorie Frankfurt 1989
The Problems of Philosophy, Oxford 1912
Probleme der Philosophie Frankfurt 1967
"The Philosophy of Logical Atomism", in: B. Russell, Logic and KNowledge, ed. R. Ch. Marsh, London 1956, pp. 200-202
Die Philosophie des logischen Atomismus
Eigennamen, U. Wolf (Hg), Frankfurt 1993
On the Nature of Truth and Falsehood, in: B. Russell, The Problems of Philosophy, Oxford 1912 - Dt. "Wahrheit und Falschheit"
Wahrheitstheorien, G. Skirbekk (Hg), Frankfurt 1996