Philosophy Lexicon of Arguments

 
Classes: identity of classes provided by same elements (extension) - identity of properties by the same predicates (intension).

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Excerpt Meta data

 
Books on Amazon
I 289
Class abstraction attributed to singular descriptions: (iy)(x)(x from y iff ..x..) - instead: x^(..x..) - does not work for intensional abstraction.
Difference classes/properties: classes are identical with the same elements - properties not yet identical if they are assigned to the same things.
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II 29
Classes: one could reinterpret all classes in their complement: "no element of .." - you would never notice anything - Bottom layer: every relative clause, every general term determines a class.
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II 100
Russell (Principia Mathematica) classes are things: they must not be confused with the concept of class - However: paradoxes also apply to class terms and propositional functions not only for classes -
Incomplete symbols (explanation by use) - to explain away classes.
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VII 18
Classes/Quine: simplify our access to physics - but are still a myth.
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VII 114
Classes/Quine: no accumulations or collections! E.g. the class of stones in a pile cannot be identified with the pile: otherwise another class could also be identified with the same pile: e.g. the class of stone molecules in the pile - the validity theory applies to classes, but not to the individual sentences - predicates are not names of classes, classes are the extension of predicates - classes are assumed to be pre-existent (see below).
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IX 21
Classes/relations/Quine: are real objects if values ​​of bound variables.
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IX 23
Class/individuals/Quine: everything is class! if we understand individuals to be identical to their class of one (i.e. not elementless).
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IX 223
Classes/Quine: quantification through classes allows for terms that would otherwise be beyond our reach.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.

Q I
W.V.O. Quine
Wort und Gegenstand Stuttgart 1980

Q II
W.V.O. Quine
Theorien und Dinge Frankfurt 1985

Q III
W.V.O. Quine
Grundzüge der Logik Frankfurt 1978

Q IX
W.V.O. Quine
Mengenlehre und ihre Logik Wiesbaden 1967

Q V
W.V.O. Quine
Die Wurzeln der Referenz Frankfurt 1989

Q VI
W.V.O. Quine
Unterwegs zur Wahrheit Paderborn 1995

Q VII
W.V.O. Quine
From a logical point of view Cambridge, Mass. 1953

Q VIII
W.V.O. Quine
Bezeichnung und Referenz
In
Zur Philosophie der idealen Sprache, J. Sinnreich (Hg), München 1982

Q X
W.V.O. Quine
Philosophie der Logik Bamberg 2005

Q XII
W.V.O. Quine
Ontologische Relativität Frankfurt 2003


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Ed. Martin Schulz, access date 2017-09-26