|Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
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Description/modal reality/Lewis/Stalnaker: one describes modal reality by telling the parts from another - possible worlds differ from each other in many dimensions, so that there is a lot to say about it - this is nothing mystical.
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Identity/identification / Stalnaker: different descriptions: e.g. morning Star/Evening Star/Superman/ Clark Kent - not different: Cicero/Tully - who does not know that Cicero = Tully, yet can be a competent user of the name - he can also express beliefs about Tullius - he knows that Tullius refers to Tullius._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003