|Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.|
Books on Amazon:
Description/Rorty: the described nature will always have some sort of order!.
Criterion: according to which criterion are new descriptions helpful? - Rorty: Those who ask such a question imagine that the language of the future should be a tool in the hands of the present-day language. These are ultimately power struggles. In the sense of Gadamer one would simply see that everyone’s order system requires storage compartments with enough space for the order systems of all others.
- - -
World/insight/reality/existence/Rorty: E.g. once you’ve described a something as a dinosaur, it is causally independent of this description. But before you have described it as a dinosaur or anything else, it is pointless to claim that it is "out there" and has properties!
What’s out there? The thing itself? The World? Tell us more! Describe it! Once you did that, we are able to specify which properties of the object are causally independent of the description and which are not.
Independent of description/Rorty: E.g. oviparous.
Dependent on description/Rorty: E.g. "an animal whose existence was only suspected in recent centuries." This is not about the distinction. Intrinsic/extrinsic.
Independent of description: causal relationships are not given under a description.
Independent of description/Davidson: in contrast to the explanation, causality is not bound to the any description.
Independent of description/RortyVsDavidson: not quite right: he should have said that the same causal relationship-with-a-description can be explained in many different ways._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Der Spiegel der Natur Frankfurt 1997
Philosophie & die Zukunft Frankfurt 2000
Kontingenz, Ironie und Solidarität Frankfurt 1992
Eine Kultur ohne Zentrum Stuttgart 1993
Solidarität oder Objektivität? Stuttgart 1998
Wahrheit und Fortschritt Frankfurt 2000