|Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Description/Frege: E.g. the expression: "The capital of the German Empire" represents a proper name and means an object.
Unsaturated: "capital of"
Saturated: - "the German Empire".
Expression of a function: "The capital of x" - ((s) Russell: propositional function, PF) - Frege: If we take the German Reich as an argument, we obtain Berlin as a function value.
Description/Subordinate Clause: E.g. The discoverer of the planetary orbits = object ("meaning" (reference): no truth value.
Description/Name/Frege "the king of this kingdom" does not refer to anything without a specification of time. ->Description ((s) Frege implicitly differentiates descriptions of other singular terms already before Russell).
Stuhlmann-Laeisz II 47
Description/Terminology/Frege: = "compound proper names" (complex names)._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Die Grundlagen der Arithmetik Stuttgart 1987
Funktion, Begriff, Bedeutung Göttingen 1994
Logische Untersuchungen Göttingen 1993
Freges Logische Untersuchungen Darmstadt 1995
R. Stuhlmann Laeisz
Philosophische Logik Paderborn 2002