|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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|IV 152 f
Causality/Strawson: because of different possible descriptions in reality dependent on generality - Hume was right with that - but it's also not a selection of individual descriptions
Causality/StrawsonVsHume: he overlooks the very obvious fact that objects exert physical force - (Dennett: and that is observable) - I 162 pro Hume: you can observe many reactions without knowing what forces are at work - IV 163 VsHume: regularity is time neutral, it could also be reversed - (s) because (type-type, not type-token) - IV 165 VsHume: we learn the regularity, because we already have the concept of causality - IV 172 Strawson: the utmost we can recognize are probability laws - Causality/Language: more in transitive verbs than in the word "cause" - IV 175 Common Causes: easily possible: E.g. malaria - cause: denotes relation that occurs in different modes of being_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
Einzelding und logisches Subjekt Stuttgart 1972
Analyse und Metaphysik München 1994
Die Grenzen des Sinns Frankfurt 1981