|Causality: causality is the relation between two (separate) entities, whereby a state change of the one entity causes the state of the other entity to change. Nowadays it is assumed that an energy transfer is crucial for talking about a causal link.|
D. Hume was the first to consistently deny the observability of cause and effect. (David Hume Eine Untersuchung über den menschlichen Verstand, Hamburg, 1993, p. 95).
_____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.
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|Arma II 122
Causal relation/Hume/tradition/Armstrong: in general, one assumes that the separateness is secured through that A and B are separated by any description, if it was not be self-contradictory, if A exists and B not.
Place itself has rejected that 40 years ago, namely the view that two logically different descriptions can not refer to one and the same thing. - order: distinctiveness of descriptions/of objects - solution: we have to assume three entities here - hardness and inelasticity ((s) because its relative to partners).
Danto I 307
Causality/cause/effect/Hume/Danto: there are in addition to eventual causal links still logical links - because the various ideas are not randomly together in the mind.
Hume I 15
Causality/Hume: is affect! - Impression of self-awareness - Effect of Similarity - The notion of causality is one with the notion of things.
Causality/Hume: not from probability (this may have to be determined at each stage of the habit) - but from gradual observation.
Its true content cannot be constituted in experience because it itself constitutes the experience
ideas need to have a different context than mere individual events - otherwise no inference from effect to cause - solution: habit as a principle - habit: requires experience.
Causality/Hume: the only relation, from which one can conclude. - Experience: thereby purely selective - constitutive. the habit - Conclusion: changes the level.
Causality literally stands for the property._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
A. C. Danto
Wege zur Welt München 1999
A. C. Danto
The Philosophical Disenfranchisement of Art (Columbia Classics in Philosophy) New York 2005